In the Gospel Accounts
The four Gospels are consistent in their descriptions of the burial, at the conclusion of long and dramatic accounts of the passion and death of Jesus, and as a prelude to his resurrection. In each of the four Gospels, there is the request made to Pontius Pilate by Joseph of Arimathea for Jesus’ body, and Pilate’s approval. John indicates that Nicodemus brought an enormous quantity of myrrh and aloes.
According to the Synoptic Gospels, Joseph took Jesus’ body down from the Cross and wrapped it in a linen cloth. John states that Joseph and Nicodemus took the body of Jesus and bound it in burial cloths with aromatic spices, according to the Jewish burial custom. Again, each of the authors describes the burial in a new tomb carved out of rock, belonging to Joseph of Arimathea.
The burial took place in a garden near the site of the Crucifixion, and Joseph rolled a large stone to seal the entrance to the tomb. Present at the scene were the women who had witnessed the death of Jesus. According to Luke, they were the ones who prepared the spices and perfuse oils, and they then observed the Sabbath rest.
These events unfolded rapidly, shortly before sunset: night was approaching and with it the beginning of the Sabbath rest.